Mar 14, 2011

Bardarash


Bardarash ( بەردەڕەش ) is a town located between Mosul, Duhok, Hawler; 32 Km northeastern of Mosul, 70 Km north of Hawler (Irbil), at the era of Ottoman Empire it as been recognized as a restrict (Nahiya) in 1879. At the time of Ottoman empire and until 1970s, it was known by Seven Tribes ( ‘Ashair Al shab’aa) because as it is said there is seven major tribes lived and still live in Bardarash which they are : Rashgary 55%, Gezh 23%, Bot 11%, Shekh-Bzeni 2%, Khidiry 1%, Zangana 1% and others 7%. All of them are called Goran. But also other tribes live in this area and some of them migrated in the four last decades of 20th century, such as Surchi, Zebar, Sharafan etc.




Bardarash was subjoined to Akre, and they were joined to Ninewa province until the Uprising of 1991, after that, both towns librated from Ba’ath regime and they joined to Duhok province until now. In 2008 the KRG decided to make it a new district (Qaza).

Bardarash means in English ( Black-stone), this is because its soil in general is black or, there is a destination south of the Bardarash is called (Shaxe-Rash, Black-Mountain) and it’s said that people are used to live there before they transfer to current place.

Geography and Population:

Bardarash district is located between two rivers which they are (Upper- Zab , Zey Badinan) and (Xazir) in the east the west, and in north has a border with Akre and south with Mosul and Hawler.

According to an (UN-WFP) censes in 1997 the population of Bardarash district was (51,713) person. But now according to Bardarash Mayoralty, Bardarash now is consisted of three subjoined districts which they are ( Daratoo, Roviya, Kalak) and 88 Villiges. The population of Bardarash now is more than (125,000) people.

Economy:

The distance of Bardarash district according to some sources is (983) Square Kilometer. In general Bardarash is an agricultural area and until now most of the people depend on crop yields like wheat and barely and other yields. Also they used to have much more sheep and cows than nowadays.

Social components:

In Bardarash district (Goran) tribe is the majority and they are subdivided into several smaller tribes. Tribal mentality has its biggest effect on the people of Bardarash and until as a result of this mentality, there are some problems left. As we mentioned before there are several other tribes live in Bardarash and most of them came by 1975 and they migrated by Ba’ath toppled regime from Zumar, Atrush, Shexan, Rabee’a and Mreba and they forces to settle in ( Kanilan) village. After that Bardarash people took them and they divided to villages and many of them still live in brotherhood and peace with original people of Bardarash.

Bardarash Uprising:

On 12th of March 1991 at 9 o’clock in the morning, Bardarash people like other Kurdish people in other parts of Kurdistan, started the uprising against Ba’ath regime and became the Gate of Uprising in Badinan, after that Akre and Duhok and Zaxo upraised against the regime and librated. As we said before 1991 Bardarash and Akre were joined to Mosul province but after the uprising, Bardarash and Aker were only two towns that upraised agains Ba’ath Regime in Ninewa province and after that they joined to Duhok province and still managed by the KRG.







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